Maymand is a remarkable village located in the Meymand Rural District of the Central District of Shahr-e Babak County, Kerman province, Iran.
This ancient settlement, dating back over 2,000 years, offers a fascinating glimpse into the lives of its residents, who carved their homes into the rock formations of the region.
The census in 2016 showed a population of 105 people in 44 households who live in Maymand.
The natural landscape, stark yet captivating, serves as a backdrop for the ancient troglodyte village, offering culture and beauty.
The Desert Landscape with Altitude
Maymand is nestled in the heart of the Jebal Barez Mountains, a labyrinth of wind-eroded rock formations, deep ravines, and hidden caves.
The village is perched at an elevation of approximately 7,200 feet above sea level, contributing to the region’s distinctive climate.
The altitude provides Maymand with cooler temperatures compared to the scorching lowlands of the Iranian plateau.
The surface and weather make it a more comfortable place to live in the otherwise harsh desert environment.
The Unique Architecture and Interior
One of the most captivating aspects of Maymand is its distinctive architectural style.
The houses are carved into the soft, sedimentary rock dominating the region, not conventionally constructed.
This style of construction allowed the residents to create comfortable living spaces that were naturally insulated against extreme temperatures.
The rock walls also serve as a testament to the architectural knowledge of the inhabitants, who designed these homes with precision.
The homes in Maymand are characterized by their conical roofs and cylindrical walls, giving the village a captivating and almost otherworldly appearance.
The interiors are modest yet functional, with various chambers designated for sleeping, storage, and livestock.
The troglodyte design moderated temperatures, keeping homes warm in winter and cool during scorching summers.
The Cultural Significance of the Kasha
Beyond its architectural wonder, Maymand holds immense cultural significance.
Furthermore, the village’s inhabitants, known as the Kasha, have preserved their way of life, language, and traditions for centuries.
Additionally, the Kasha is primarily pastoralists, relying on herding and farming for their livelihood.
Not only that, but they have also maintained their distinct culture and traditions, including unique handicrafts such as handwoven rugs, pottery, and intricate embroidery.
A Brief History of Maymand
Maymand, locally called Meymand, dates back to the Parthian era, making it one of the world’s oldest troglodyte settlements.
Over the centuries, it has been home to various civilizations, including the Sassanids Dynasty and the Islamic Caliphate.
Maymand prospered as a strategic Silk Road rest stop for travelers and merchants due to its location.
In 2015, it was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, ensuring its preservation and global recognition.